What is SEA? Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) can be defined as a range of “analytical and participatory approaches that aim to integrate environmental considerations into policies, plans and programmes and evaluate the interlinkages with economic and social considerations” (OECD, 2006). It is a tool to:
- structure public and government debate in the preparation of policies, plans and programmes;
- feed this debate through a robust assessment of the environmental and, where needed, social and economic consequences;
- ensure that the results of assessment and debate are taken into account during decision making and implementation.