Updated to: 26 September 2013

EIA in Uganda was legislated in 1995, and has built up to a practice with a volume of about 600 EIA per year. It is mostly centrally administrated, by the National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA). NEMA makes the screening decisions, and does so on a case-by-case basis. There is a list of projects subject to EIA, but there are no thresholds indicated. Furthermore, NEMA may screen projects not on this list as well. There is a certification system for EIA consultants. SEA is implied in the same legislation in which EIA is grounded, but there are no clear provisions, and the limited SEA practice that does take place is essentially voluntary.