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SEA profile

Updated to: 27 June 2011

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SEA background

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Country contact on SEA

Contact details for the country contact on SEA.

Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN)
Adress: 20 calle 28-58 zona 10, edificio  MARN
Ciudad Guatemala
Tel:  (502) 2423-0500

General Directory of Environmental Management and Natural Resources  
Adress: 20 calle 28-58 zona 10, Edificio MARN, 2do Nivel, Torre II
Tel: (502) 2423-0500 or 2202

Legal framework for SEA

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Framework/Enabling law

Name of first enabling legislation that sets the framework for SEA.

Law of Protection and Improvement of the Environment (no.68-86, 1986).

Approving authority of enabling law

The authority that approved the enabling law for SEA.


First national detailed SEA regulation

First national detailed regulation (procedural requirements) for SEA, through which SEA was operationalized.

The SEA regulation was established in 2007 by the Government Agreement 431-2007 (Regulation on Environmental Evaluation, Control and Monitoring).

art. 52-55

Recent updates and additions to the SEA legislation

Revisions of the SEA provisions in the enabling law or the national detailed SEA regulation (procedural requirements) are named. The year is listed, and the main changes since the first regulation are mentioned, if available. Also, additional relevant SEA-related legislation that has been published since the first legislation is listed.

Reformed in 1993.

Objective SEA

The objective of SEA as stated in the above described legal basis.

The objective of SEA application is:

  • To incorporate a sustainable development approach in national plans, programs and policies.

Scope of SEA application

Describes for which planning processes (at policy, programme and plan level) SEA is required.

The SEA is applied to plans and programs that because of their dimensions and scope are related to a significant impact on the environment and/or are located in vulnerable areas.

Institutional setting for SEA

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Central SEA authority

Is there a central authority in charge of the SEA system as a whole, responsible for issuing guidelines etc? If so, is it independent or linked to a higher body (e.g. ministry)?

National Environmental Authority is the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources

SEA procedure

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Establishing context

Implementing the SEA

SEA review

Describes the requirements for SEA review. Specifically: Who reviews the SEA? An independent body? Environmental Authority? Is the review approach similar to EIA review in the country?

The proponents of projects and programs may elaborate a SEA. The final report is reviewed by the DIGARN. The MARN issues the approval or indicates the limitations and restrictions. The MARN also proposes measures and instruments that have to be adhered to to obtain the environmental license.

Reglamento de Evaluación, Control y Seguimiento (artículo 54)

Timeline review

What is the timeline given for the review of the SEA, in (working) days?

Timeline for review of the SEA by the General Directory of Environmental Management and Natural Resources is 3 months.

Informing and influencing decision-making


SEA practice

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Case studies

SEA case studies on which information is available are listed here, including a link to case documentation, if available.

A pilot SEA project is the Territorial Management Plan of the City of Guatemala (Capital of Guatemala)

SEA links

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Other relevant links on SEA

Other relevant links on SEA in the country are given here.

Workgroup of EIA in Central America, (Grupo de Trabajo de Evaluación de Impacto Ambiental de Centro-America):

Website in english: