SEA profile

Updated to: 27 June 2011

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Contact & history

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Country contact on SEA

Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN)
Adress: 20 calle 28-58 zona 10, edificio  MARN
Ciudad Guatemala
Tel:  (502) 2423-0500

General Directory of Environmental Management and Natural Resources  
Adress: 20 calle 28-58 zona 10, Edificio MARN, 2do Nivel, Torre II
Tel: (502) 2423-0500 or 2202

Legal framework for SEA

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Framework/Enabling law

Law of Protection and Improvement of the Environment (no.68-86, 1986).

Approving authority of enabling law


First national detailed SEA regulation

The SEA regulation was established in 2007 by the Government Agreement 431-2007 (Regulation on Environmental Evaluation, Control and Monitoring).

art. 52-55

Recent updates and additions to the SEA legislation

Reformed in 1993.

Objective SEA

The objective of SEA application is:

  • To incorporate a sustainable development approach in national plans, programs and policies.

Scope of SEA application

The SEA is applied to plans and programs that because of their dimensions and scope are related to a significant impact on the environment and/or are located in vulnerable areas.

Institutional setting for SEA

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Central SEA authority

National Environmental Authority is the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources

SEA procedure

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Establishing context

Implementing the SEA

SEA review

The proponents of projects and programs may elaborate a SEA. The final report is reviewed by the DIGARN. The MARN issues the approval or indicates the limitations and restrictions. The MARN also proposes measures and instruments that have to be adhered to to obtain the environmental license.

Reglamento de Evaluación, Control y Seguimiento (artículo 54)

Timeline review

Timeline for review of the SEA by the General Directory of Environmental Management and Natural Resources is 3 months.

Informing and influencing decision-making


SEA practice

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Case studies

A pilot SEA project is the Territorial Management Plan of the City of Guatemala (Capital of Guatemala)

SEA links

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Other relevant links on SEA

Workgroup of EIA in Central America, (Grupo de Trabajo de Evaluación de Impacto Ambiental de Centro-America)

Website in english: