Updated to: 09 October 2013
With the issuing of the EIa guidelines of 1997, legal requirements for EIA in South Africa were established. The enactment of the National Environmental Management Act (NEMA) in 1998 further strenghtened the legal basis for EIA. Even though no legally binding procedures or requirements have yet been established for SEA, it is practiced.
In South Africa, EIA supports the decision-making on the issuing of an environmental authorisation. the EIA process starts with an application for such an authorisation. Environmental Assessment Practitioners (EAP) have an important role throughout the EIA process as the proponent must appoint an EAP to manage the application process for an environmental authorisation. The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) is the central EIA authority in South Africa.