Suriname

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General

Updated to: 09 October 2013

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Distinguishing features of the EIA/SEA system

There is currently no legal framework for EIA or SEA in Surinam. The new Environmental Law that is under development will establish a legal framework for EIA. Meantime, the Surinam government has acknowledged the importance of EIA. The government signed the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on the Law of the Sea, which address EIA. As part of the Biodiversity Strategy, the government aims to strengthen the government institutions, NGOs and private businesses engaged in the preparation of EIA. In addition, the National Institute for Environment and Development (NIMOS) has issued guidance on EIA, and been tasked with review of EIA reports. NIMOS also advises on the screening decision and scope of EIAs. There is some level of practice in Surinam, with the number of EIA production doubling to a total of 8 between 2004 and 2008, and coming to 14 in 2009.

Administrative system: relevant features

Suriname is divided into 10 administrative districts. Each of them is headed by a district commissioner. The districts are further subdivided into 62 resorts. Nonetheless, the administrative system is strongly centralized.
In the environmental field, responsibilities are spread over a number of government organizations. Environmental management and protection are the responsibility of the National Council for the Environment, the Ministry of Labour Technological Development and Environment and the National Institute for Environment and Development in Suriname (NIMOS). In addition, a number of agencies and departments in sectoral ministries hold responsibilities in environmental protection, such as enforcing existing environmental regulations and contributing to the Ministry of ATM’s environmental planning activities.

Environmental management is expected to be coordinated  and harmonized by the new Environment Act, which is currently under development.

COUNTRY ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT, FINAL REPORT, August 2005, AIDB.

Relevant international conventions

Surinam became a party to the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1996. It has been a party to the Ramsar convention since 1985.

Convention websites.

Environmental Standards: relevant features

Information to be added.

Country specific terms or acronyms

  • NIMOS =The National Institute for Environment and Development
  • NRM = National Council for the Environment
  • MEA = Milieu Effect Analyse (Environmental Affect Analysis)
  • Environmental and Social Assessment = Environmental Impact Assessment