SEA profile

Updated to: 16 February 2015

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SEA background

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Country contact on SEA

Ministry of Environment, Sanitation and Sustainable Development (MEADD).

History of SEA

Decree No. 08-346 / P-RM of 26 June 2008 already defined SEA. A procedure was created by decree in December 2018.

Legal framework for SEA

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Framework/Enabling law

Law No. 91-47 / AN-RM Relative to the Protection of the Environment and Living Environment.

Year of introduction of enabling law

1991

Law No. 91-47 / AN-RM Relative to the Protection of the Environment and the Living Environment did not yet create HEIs at the strategic level as such. DECREE 2018-0992 / P-RM does not make reference to another enabling law that explicitly creates the legal possibility of adopting an SEA procedure.

Approving authority of enabling law

Assemblée Nationale

First national detailed SEA regulation

DECREE N ° 2018-0992 / P-RM OF 31 DECEMBER 2018
FIXING RULES AND MODALITIES RELATING TO STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

Year of introduction of first national detailed SEA regulation

Article 32 of Decree 08-346 already mentioned that policies, strategies and programs are subject to SEA, but did not yet include details

2018

Approving authority of first detailed SEA regulation

The "competent services" are not yet identified in the decree 18-0992.

Current national detailed regulation for SEA

DECREE N ° 2018-0992 / P-RM OF 31 DECEMBER 2018
FIXING RULES AND MODALITIES RELATING TO STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

Objective SEA

Ensure a high level of protection of the environment, and contribute to the integration of climate change including:
- mitigation and adaptation, in the elaboration and
adoption of policies, plans, plans and programs to promote development sustainable and,
- submit to an Environmental Assessment
policies, plans, plans and programs
likely to have a significant impact on
the environment

Scope of SEA application

Strategic Environmental Assessment is carried out for policies, plans, plans and programs of development

Exemptions from SEA application

However, for policies, plans, plans and programs, the Minister in charge of the environment may grant exemptions whose criteria are defined by order of the Minister for the Environment.

Institutional setting for SEA

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Central SEA authority

The Minister of the Environment authorizes plans, policies, plans and programs "in an environmental manner" on the basis of SEAs. An inter-ministerial steering committee, set up and chaired by the same minister, first ensures that all the elements contained in the terms of reference are treated in a comprehensive and precise manner and to verify the reliability of the data presented in the study. Tdrs are also approved by the same committee.

Initiator of the SEA

Owner or petitioner: any physical or moral authority to develop and then implement policies, plans or programs

SEA procedure

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Establishing context

Overview SEA procedure

Screening, scoping (Tor), evaluation, analysis (review), decision (environmental clearance). The Minister in charge of the Environment creates a steering committee for the Strategic Environmental Assessment of policy, plan, plan and program by decision. This committee is chaired by the Minister for the Environment or his representative.

Screening requirement and authority

The minister of environment

Screening process

Any developer who undertakes the Strategic Environmental Assessment of a policy, plan, plan or program is obliged to send to the competent technical service a folder comprising:
- a stamped application;
- the terms of reference for the policy, the scheme
director, plan or program. 
The file is filed, against acknowledgment of receipt, to the relevant technical service.

Identification of stakeholders

Not specified. It is up to the steering committee to decide.

Implementing the SEA

Scoping process

The relevant technical department shall provide the developer with the guidelines and guides necessary for the development of the terms of reference of the Strategic Environmental Assessment. On this basis, it develops the draft terms of reference for the Strategic Environmental Assessment to be carried out in accordance with the guidelines provided. Steering Committee approves ToRs

Outcome of scoping

Guides that serve as reference do not exist yet.

Alternatives

In this report, the likely significant impacts of the implementation of the policy, plan, plan or program and the reasonable alternatives that take into account the objectives and geographic scope of the policy, plan, plan or program, are identified, described and evaluated.

Assessment/mitigation of effects

(g) the measures envisaged to avoid, reduce and, to the extent possible,
h) compensate for any significant negative impact of the implementation of the plan, scheme, policy or program on the Environment;
(i) the adaptation measures or the impact of the policy,
plan, plan or program for climate change;
(j) a statement summarizing the reasons for the alternatives considered and a description of how the assessment was carried out, including any difficulties encountered in collecting the required information;

Informing and influencing decision-making

SEA and planning decision-making

The Minister has 2 months after the review and receipt of the enhanced EES to make his decision.

Monitoring

Monitoring requirement

(k) a description of the follow-up measures envisaged by the texts in force.

SEA practice

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Year of first SEA

Case pilots according to different non-Malian legal references are known

SEA links

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Other relevant links on SEA

SEA information on website of Ministry for Environment and Sanitation