SEA profile

Updated to: 10 February 2015

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Contact & history

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Country contact on SEA

Ministry for Environment and Forestry
A Building 6th Floor
Jl. D.I. Panjaitan Kav 24
Jakarta 13410
Phone: +62 21 8590 4925


History of SEA

Discussions on the introduction of SEA to Indonesia have taken place within the country since the mid 1990s. From 2001 onwards, SEA was trailed in various types of applications. From 2005 onwards, more systematic intiatives were taken to make SEA a structural part of planning practice in Indonesia. The Ministry of Environment (KLH now the Ministry of Environment and Forestry) and the National Planning Agency (Bappenas) collaborated with the Danish International Development Agency to develop and promote suitable SEA approaches. This SEA momentum culminated in the adoption of the new Environmental Protection and Management Law in 2009. This Law makes SEA mandatory for a broad range of planning processes.

Legal framework for SEA

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Framework/Enabling law

The Protection Environmental Protection and Management Law adopted in 2009.

Approving authority of enabling law

The President has approved the Environmental Protection and Management Law of 2009.

First national detailed SEA regulation

Government Regulations of SEA as well as several guidelines regarding SEA are under development.

Objective SEA

Paragraph 1 and 2 of the Environmental Protection and Management Act (2009) mention that SEA is to be carried out to integrate the principle of sustainable development into the development of a territory and/or a policy, plan or program.

Scope of SEA application

SEA is required for policies, plans and programs.

Institutional setting for SEA

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SEA procedure

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Establishing context

Overview SEA procedure

Section 16 of the Environmental Protection and Management Act (2009) mentions three steps of SEA:

  • the study on the effects of a policy, plan and/or program on the environmental condition in a territory
  • the formulation of alternatives
  • recommendations for improvement of the policy, plan and/or programme

Implementing the SEA

Content of SEA report

According to the Environmental Protection and Management Act (2009), an SEA shall contain assessments of the following:

  • the environment's carrying capacity and accommodating capacity for development
  • estimated environmental impacts and the risk for them
  • the ecosystem service performance
  • eficiency of natural resource utilization
  • level of proneness and capacity for adaptation to climate change
  • tenacity level and potentialities of biodiversity

Informing and influencing decision-making


SEA practice

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Capacity development

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Ministry of Home Affairs, and Economic Development Planning Agency have been co-operation with the Danish International Development Agency in an Environmental Support Programme (ESP). SEA has been a feature in this programme, and activites have included pilot applications of SEA, development of SEA guidance, and SEA awareness raising and training sessions. Co-operation progress and products can be found on the programme website.

SEA links

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