Updated to: 27 June 2011Download as PDF
Country contact on SEA
Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment
100 m south of the National Stadium
P.O. Box 1389
Tegucigalpa M.D.C., Honduras
Tel: (504) 239-4296
Fax: (504) 232-6250
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
History of SEA
The principle of the SEA in Honduras, was not introduced in the General Environment Law (Decree No. 104-93) nor in the Regulation of the SINEIA (published in La Gaceta No. 27.291 on March 5, 1994), which was the first time that the EIA procedure was developed. It was not until 2009, that Honduras adopted legislation regarding the SEA, when a new regulation of SINEIA was enacted (Ministerial Agreement No. 189-2009 published in the official journal on 31 December 2009).
Legal framework for SEA
The legal framework of SEA in Honduras is the SINEIA Regulation (Ministerial Agreement No. 189-2009 published in the official newspaper on 31 December 2009).
Approving authority of enabling law
The authority which adopted SINEIA Regulation (Ministerial Agreement No. 189-2009 published in the official journal on 31 December 2009) with legislation related to SEA was the constitutional President of the Republic.
First national detailed SEA regulation
General SEA procedures are described in the SINEIA Regulation (Ministerial Agreement No. 189-2009 published in the official newspaper on 31 December 2009).
Article 94 (Decree 189-2009), shows methodological guidelines defined by the SERNA for integrating the environmental variable in the plans and programs of land use planning with the Manual of Environmental Assessment and Control of SINEIA.
Also, article 93 (Decree 189-2009), points out guidelines on the drafting and review of the SEA procedure laid down in the same Handbook mentioned (Manual of Environmental Assessment and Control).
Recent updates and additions to the SEA legislation
It has not been reformed, as it is a very recent regulation.
Sector specific procedures/regulations
Specific sectorial regulations do not exist yet.
Guidelines on Strategic Environmental Assessment for Central America. (CCAD-UICN, 2007.)
To introduce the environmental dimension in strategic planning and decision-making for the development of a region or country. As well as to facilitate decision-making, within a framework of transparency, participation and information, to be used as a adjuvant planning instrument (article 4.17 Decreto 189-2009).
To systematize and expedite the resolution and the environmental authorization of projects that make up an SEA (article 92 of the Decreto 189-2009).
Scope of SEA application
SEA is a process that applies to strategic decision and policy making used for the planning and programming of land use development in the different sectors as well as for megaprojects qualified by the SERNA as strategic for the country
According to article 97 of Decree 189-2009, the SEA has precedence for project execution, in hydrographic basins or sub-basins, or in geographical areas where development has been poorly organized and planned without taking into account human activities and those that are not yet using SEA as a way to assess its environmental situation and the corrective plan and environmental mitigation that may arise from it. SERNA, with the support of institutions that they deem necessary, may establish a national prioritization plan or program for carrying out such assessments.
Exemptions from SEA application
It does not indicate exemptions.
The methodology of EAE is different from the EIA.
SEA tiering with EIA
Article 92 (Decreto 189-2009), points out that an SEA can serve as a mechanism to systematize and expedite the resolution and the environmental authorization of projects that are located in areas where the SEA was developed. Article 94 (Decreto 189-2009) also mentions that the land-use plans and programs that are developed, must integrate the environmental variable into these processes. The SERNA, once revising the land use planning already done can make adjustments to their Categorization Table in order to simplify and expedite the processing of EIA in projects, construction work or activities only if they are located in territories which have already undergone such land use planning. These adjustments to the Categorization Table should be published as part of a document which formalizes the land use plan or program in question, with the participation of the SERNA.
Institutional setting for SEA
Central SEA authority
As described in the SINEIA Regulation (Decree 189-2009), the DECA of SERNA is the competent authority in SEA. This is also the case for the Environmental Management Units (EMU) in the public administration institutions which also can deal with SEA issues (4.46 article of Decree 189-2009).
Mandate for exemption of SEA obligation
(De)centralisation of SEA mandates
Initiator of the SEA
Screening requirement and authority
Identification of stakeholders
Setting SEA objectives
- Establishing SEA objectives is considered part of the first main step in conducting an SEA (article 93, Decree 189-2009), as stated in the following first step: Context to realize an SEA, objectives and scope definition.
Implementing the SEA
- The scope of an SEA is considered a part of the first main step in conducting an SEA (article 93, Decree 189-2009), being the first step the following: Context of the realization of an SEA, objectives and scope definition.
- In addition, to help to define the scope, as an input, is the second main step in the realization of an SEA, which is: Identifying the links between related plans and programs, consistency analysis.
- As fourth main step in conducting an SEA is: Environmental scope of the assessment object.
Participation in scoping
- According to article 93 (Decree 189-2009), the procedure for preparation of an SEA will be carried out within a framework of transparency, participation and information. In addition, as part of the seventh and last main step in conducting an SEA, participation and information is a transversal element (93 article, Decree 189-2009).
Outcome of scoping
The results of scoping are the following: consistency analysis, evaluation and comparison of alternatives and the definition of monitoring indicators
- The alternatives are a part of the third main step in the realization of an SEA (article 93, Decree 189-2009), stated as follows: Recognition of alternatives, assessment and comparison, including the no implementation of the proposed assessment object.
Assessment/mitigation of effects
- Assessment and mitigation of impacts is taken into account in the fifth main step in conducting an SEA (article 93, Decree 189-2009), as the fifth step states the following: Definition of strategic environmental actions to implement and of the monitoring indicators.
Content of SEA report
- The SEA is documented in a final report as the sixth main step in conducting an SEA (93 article, Decree 189-2009).
DECA of SERNA is the competent authority on SEA, it is the one that has the mandate to review the SEA report with the support of the Environmental Management Units (EMU) in public administration institutions (article 4.46 Decree 189 - 2009).
Participation in review
For the revision of the final report of an SEA, DECA has the support of the Environmental Management Units (EMU) in the public administration institutions (article 4.46 Decree 189 - 2009).
Informing and influencing decision-making
SEA and planning decision-making
Article 92 (Decreto 189-2009), suggests that findings of an SEA can be used in decision-making strategy, policies, plans and programs for super sectors and sector development and land use planning, as well as for mega projects.
Article 94 (Decreto 189-2009) also indicates that land-use plans and programs that are developed, must integrate the environmental variable as a way to ensure a healthy and ecologically balanced environment.
Recommendations for decision-making
Justification of decision
- As a fifth main step in conducting anSEA the monitoring indicators must be defined (article 93, Decree 189-2009).
Annual no. of SEAs
Central SEA database
SEA information is not accessible to the public, since it is not on the website of the SERNA.
GTZ and IUCN provided technical support in the period from 2008 to 2010 for a pilot SEA of 10 strategic plans for Municipal Development.
A pilot SEA of 10 Strategic plans for Municipal Development.
Staff of the EIA project for Central America, a tool for sustainable development from IUCN and CCAD.
From 2006 onwards officials have been receiving training through the EIA Project in Central America provided by IUCN.
Non-governmental SEA guidance
Guidelines on Strategic Environmental Assessment for Central America. (CCAD-UICN, 2007)
Links to laws/regulation
Other relevant links on SEA
- EIA project for Central America, a tool for sustainable development from IUCN and CCAD:
- Guidelines on Strategic Environmental Assessment for Central America. (CCAD-UICN, 2007):