Introduction

Updated to: 24 February 2015

The EU's EIA/SEA system mainly exists of the EIA Directive (Directive 2011/92/EU, amended by  Directive 2014/52/EU (to be applied by the 16th of May 2017)) and the SEA Directive (Directive 2001/42/EC), the provisions of which have to be transposed in national legislation by EU member states. The Directives give member states a considerable amount of freedom to determine the specific configuration of their EIA/SEA legislation, to allow for tailor-made solutions that are appropriate for the national context. For that reason, the Directives are less specific than most national EIA/SEA systems.