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Updated to: 09 October 2013

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Distinguishing features of the EIA/SEA system

Any key highlights or distinguishing features of the country's EIA and SEA system.

EIA is required in Vietnam since 1993, when the National Law on Environmental Protection (LEP) was issued. Procedural requirements followed by Decree in 1994. Since the revision of the LEP in 2005, comprehensive SEA requirements exist.

The central EIA and SEA authority in Vietnam is the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE).

Administrative system: relevant features

Brief description of the country's administrative system, including existing layers of government, agencies with environmental management responsibilities, and other features that are relevant. Not a complete description of the administrative situation.

At national level, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) is responsible for environmental management. It has three functional units of state management of the environment: the Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Environment and Department for Evaluation and Assessment of Environmental Impact.

Relevant international conventions

Relevant conventions for EIA/SEA which the country has signed/ratified. Links are provided to relevant sites that give more detailed information on the issue.

Vietnam is a party to the Convention on Biodiversity since 1994 and the Ramsar Convention since 1989.

Environmental Standards: relevant features

Brief impression of the country's situation concerning environmental standards. Where relevant, the standards in place are mentioned, as well as their legal status. This is not a complete overview of all the standards in place. Links are provided to relevant sites that give more detailed information on the issue.

The Law on the Protection of the Environment (2005) provides for a system of national environmental standards that consists of quality standards of the surrounding environment (such as soil production, agriculture, drinking water, industrial water, air quality, or noise) and on wastes (including industrial gas emissions etc).

Country specific terms or acronyms

Country specific terms and abbreviations relevant for EIA and SEA.

MONRE = Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

LEP = Law on Environmental Protection