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Updated to: 09 October 2013

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Distinguishing features of the EIA/SEA system

Any key highlights or distinguishing features of the country's EIA and SEA system.

EIA is a mandatory legal requirement in Pakistan since 1st July 1994. SEA has no legal basis, but is identified as important tool for planning in the National Environmental Policy 2005.

In the period from 2011 until 2014, the EA system in Pakistan is undergoing major changes. With the 18th amendment of the Pakistani constitution, responsibilities for environmental management are devolved to the regional level. As a consequence, the provinces and independent regions in Pakistan draft their own EIA/SEA regulation.

Administrative system: relevant features

Brief description of the country's administrative system, including existing layers of government, agencies with environmental management responsibilities, and other features that are relevant. Not a complete description of the administrative situation.

Pakistan  consits of four provinces and four federal territoires. The provinces are further subdivided into Divisions. These are further divived into districts, then into subdistricts (thesils) and into union councils.
The four provinces of Pakistan enjoy large autonomy. Each of them has a governor, a council of ministers and a provincial assembly.

Government structure: Wikipedia:

Relevant international conventions

Relevant conventions for EIA/SEA which the country has signed/ratified. Links are provided to relevant sites that give more detailed information on the issue.

Pakistan joined the Ramsar Convention in 1976, it was the 12th country to do so. It also is a party to the Convention on Biodiversity since 1994.

Environmental Standards: relevant features

Brief impression of the country's situation concerning environmental standards. Where relevant, the standards in place are mentioned, as well as their legal status. This is not a complete overview of all the standards in place. Links are provided to relevant sites that give more detailed information on the issue.

Several national quality standards have been developed in the follow-up of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997. These are about the following fields:

  • Industrial effluent and emission standards
  • Ambient Air quality
  • Drinking water quality
  • Noise

The standards can be found via the following link: Environmental legislation and guidelines

Country specific terms or acronyms

Country specific terms and abbreviations relevant for EIA and SEA.

IEE =  Initial Environmental Examination
EPA = Environmental Protection Agency
PEPA = Pakistan Environmental Protection Act