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Updated to: 09 November 2016Download as PDF
Distinguishing features of the EIA/SEA system
Any key highlights or distinguishing features of the country's EIA and SEA system.
The EIA system in Afghanistan is newly developed and still undergoes changes. In the period of 2005 until 2008 legal requirements have been established for it in the form of an Environment Law and EIA regulations. The central EIA authority in Afghanistan, the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) was launched in the same time period. As the institutional framework in Afghanistan was thus not yet ready to support the EIA process envisioned in the Environment Law, a transitional process was developed. It is reflected in Interim EIA Regulations and an EIA policy. This interim EIA system largly builds upon international best practices. This approach was chosen because the proponents of activities that are subjected to EIA are mostly international donors that have their own standards on best practices on EIA.
Administrative system: relevant features
Brief description of the country's administrative system, including existing layers of government, agencies with environmental management responsibilities, and other features that are relevant. Not a complete description of the administrative situation.
In acccordance with the constitution, adopted in 2004, Afghanistan has a centralized system and is administratively divided into 34 provinces, that are divided into districts. The central government adopts legislation through a bicameral system: the National Assembly consists of the lower house (directly elected) and the upper house (appointed by the provincial councils). Provinces and districts have the same basic structure as the national government. The municipalities of the provinces (some provinces have an additional rural municipality to the provincial municipality) fall under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Interior. The Governor of the province is appointed by the Minister of Interior, the prefects of the districts are appointed by the governor of the province.The central government can delegate authority to the sub-national jurisdiction where local or regional action is more efficient.
In actuality, the structure and government of the provinces have varied greatly. With a change in the government structure of Afghanistan in 2001, an authority for environmental management was mandated for the first time in the history of the country. The Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources (established under the Interim Administration) was allocated the additional responsibility for environmental management and renamed as the Ministry of Irrigation, Water Resources and Environment (MIWRE). In 2005, the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) emerged from the former Ministry.
Relevant international conventions
Relevant conventions for EIA/SEA which the country has signed/ratified. Links are provided to relevant sites that give more detailed information on the issue.
Afghanistan is a party to the Convention on Biodiversity since 2002.
Environmental Standards: relevant features
Brief impression of the country's situation concerning environmental standards. Where relevant, the standards in place are mentioned, as well as their legal status. This is not a complete overview of all the standards in place. Links are provided to relevant sites that give more detailed information on the issue.
Country specific terms or acronyms
Country specific terms and abbreviations relevant for EIA and SEA.
NEPA = National Environmental Protection Agency