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Updated to: 09 October 2013

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Distinguishing features of the EIA/SEA system

EIA has been legally established in Zambia with the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act (EPPCA) of 1990. The  EIA system is recently under development. The Environmental Management Act of 2011 repeals and replaces the EPPCA. Contrary to the EPPCA, this new Act provides a clear legal basis for SEA. EMA regulations that regulate the administration and enforcement of EIA and SEA are currently under development (in 2013). Until they are published, the EIA regulations of 1997 under the previous Act are still being enforced. These regulations provide for a high level of public involvement during several stages of the EIA process. The Zambian Environmental Management Agency (ZEMA) is the central EIA authority in Zambia and also takes consent decisions on the environmental clearance of a project.

Administrative system: relevant features

Zambia is a unitary, republican state. It has a political system with an Executive President, a Vice President and a mono camera parliamentary structure. It is divided into nine provinces (Central, Copperbelt, Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Northern, North-Western, Southern, Western), each administered by an appointed deputy minister. Each province is subdivided into several districts with a grand total of 73 districts.

Relevant international conventions

Zambia has been a party to the Ramsar Convention since 1991 and has  ratified the Concention on Biodiversity in 1993.

CBD and Ramsar websites

Environmental Standards: relevant features

Standards exist for water quality, ambient air quality, effluent discharge emmissions and air emissions. Moreover, noise standards are under development.

Walmsley B. & Patel S., 2012. SADC Environmental Legislation Handbook 2012. Development Bank of Southern Africa, Noordhoek, South Africa.

Country specific terms or acronyms

ECZ = Economic Council for Zambia

EMA = Environmental Management Act

EPPCA = Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act

EPB = Environmental Project Brief

ZEMA = Zambia Environmental Management Authority