South Sudan

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South Sudan


Updated to: 26 September 2013

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Distinguishing features of the EIA/SEA system

There is no legal EIA system in South Sudan. In 2010, when Southern Sudan was an autonomous region, the Government of Southern Sudan started to develop an environmental framework that also contains requirements for the EIA process. Its drafts have not been approved though. In 2011, South Sudan became independent. It is unclear if the environmental governance has been further developed since then.

Administrative system: relevant features

After the second Sundanese civil war in 2005, the Southern Sudan regained the status of an autonomous region of Sudan. The Government of Southern Sudan was then formed. Its Ministry of Housing, Physical planning and Environment was then responsible for environmental management at national level. In 2011, South Sudan became independent. The new constitution established a mixed presidential system with a President and National Legislature which conists of two houses: a directly elected National Legislative Assembly and a Council of States.  In 2011, 29 government ministries were established and among them the Ministry of Environment.
South Sudan is divided into 10 states, which are further divided into 86 Southern Sudan counties.

The Draft Environmental policy 2010 of Southern Sudan mentions that environmental management will be decentralized to more local levels of governments. The Draft Environmental Protection Bill of 2010 foresees the establishment of a Southern Sudan Environment Authority. It is intended to supervise and coordinate environmental issues in general and to support the Government with the implementation of policies that are related to the environment. Until the Authority is fully established,  the duties and functions of the Authority are delegated to the Ministry responsible for environmental issues.

Relevant international conventions

No conventions that are relevant for EIA/SEA have been signed by South Sudan.

Environmental Standards: relevant features

As a consequence of the lacking legally established environmental system, no environmental standards are yet in place. The Draft Environmental Policy (2010), however, mentions that such standards shall be established. More specifically, the Enviornmental Protection Bill of 2010 foresees that the Authority, in consultation with the Lead Agencies, shall develop the following types of environmental standards:

  •  Air quality standards
  •  Water quality standards
  •  Standards for discharging effluents into the environment
  •  Standards for the control of noxious smells
  •  Standards for the control of noise and vibration pollution
  •  Soil quality standards
  •  Standards for the minimisation of radiation
  •  Other standards such as on waste, industrial and chemical products ect.