Rwanda

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Rwanda

Library

Library | 01 Jul 2012

Sector Specific Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines for Agro-Processing Industries

Draft final Report - July 2012

Keywords Agriculture; Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA)
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
Documentrwanda-eia-guidelines-for-agro-processing-2012-draft
Publisher Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Author Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Place of publicationKigali, Rwanda
Pages160
Summary

The Agricultural sector has up till now been working on securing food from existing production systems. With its projected contribution to economic growth, modernisation of agriculture is seen as one of the six pillars of Vision 2020 along with sustainable land-use management and basic infrastructure (ROR 2000). Rwanda is working on developing a strong sector that is based on irrigation as opposed to rain-fed agriculture; has appropriate post harvest infrastructure and information systems for farmers and for markets; is mechanized enough to allow farmers to explore other opportunities; and has strong institutions including farmers’ coops that are capable of sustaining production and development of the sector.

IdentificationPOS 807
Library | 01 Jun 2012

Sector Specific EIA Guidelines for Slaughterhouse Projects in Rwanda

Draft Report

Keywords Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA)
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
Documentrwanda-eia-guidelines-for-slaughterhouse-2012-draft
Publisher Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Author Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Place of publicationKigali, Rwanda
Pages117
Summary

It is realized that the preparation of EIAs for slaughterhouse projects among others, tends to present challenges to EIA practitioners. The end result has shown that, the quality of EIAs for such projects tends to be low despite such projects presenting a number of environmental and social challenges. Against this background, REMA commissioned a consultancy to develop sector specific EIA guidelines for slaughterhouse projects which are aimed at streamlining the EIA process for slaughterhouse projects.

IdentificationPOS 807
Library | 01 Jul 2012

Sector Specific Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines for Tannery Projects

Draft Final Report July 2012

Keywords Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA)
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
Documentrwanda-eia-guidelines-for-tanneries-2012-draft
Author Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Pages115
Summary

Leather production is a highly polluting process, if not controlled properly. Loss of biodiversity (both flora and fauna) within fragile ecosystems can be envisaged. Any contamination may lead to immediate or long-term destructive effects in the environment, thus monitoring of the waste water becomes a critical issue. Additionally, health and accidents risks for the employees and the neighbouring population are high and new environmental legislation calls for immediate action and close self monitoring of the tanneries. The current tanning process is of a conventional, potentially more damaging nature and the raw hides are of inferior quality. A sustainable leather industry in Rwanda needs improved productivity in a controlled environment. Leather and leather products are among the main manufacturing export products from the livestock subsector. Tannery was re-organised as Rwanda Leather Industries Ltd (RLI) in 2006 – the PPP partner. RLI has an installed capacity of 6000 skins and 400 hides daily. Its finishing and crusting capacity has increased due to expansion in these past years. The tannery sector currently employs over 130 people and has an annual turnover of approximately 1.5 Million Euros. The location of tanneries in a shared business and residential zone of Kigali and Huye makes it very sensitive towards environmental issues. The hides are processed up to wet blues, crust and finished leather. The wet blues and crust hides are produced for export and the remaining low quality are finished for local market in the form of garments uppers and linings. There is a positive growth of this industry and the government has earmarked the tannery industry as one of the key industries for economic development. Some of the major features of the tanneries that should be of environmental and social concern.

IdentificationPOS 807
Library | 25 Apr 2017

Sector Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Housing Projects in Rwanda

Sector-specific EIA Guidelines for Housing Projects

Keywords Spatial planning
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
Documentrwanda-eia-guidelines-housing-construction
Publisher REMA
Author Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Place of publicationKigali, Rwanda
Pages50
Summary

1 Foreword and Disclaimer

The Organic Law No. 04/2005 of April 08, 2005, determining the modalities for protection, conservation and promotion of environment in Rwanda, requires all projects to be subjected to environmental impact assessment (EIA). This is part of the fulfilment of the Government of Rwanda (GoR)’s commitment to Rwandans and the international community, to pursue sustainable development goals. The scale and detail of EIA varies with project complexity as well as the ecological, cultural and socioeconomic sensitivity of specific sites. This is consistent with the Constitution of June 2003, Vision 2020, and the environmental sustainability principles enshrined in Agenda 21 and the Millennium Development Goals, especially MDG 7. In order to make these provisions operational, REMA has developed a set of EIA related legislations – that include General EIA guidelines and Regulations; and sector-specific EIA Guidelines. This document is intended to serve as a guideline, which provides recommended approaches and formats for the preparation of a comprehensive EIA report on proposed housing projects.

These sector-specific Guidelines for Housing Projects recognise the role that the housing plays in Rwanda’s development process, both in urban and rural areas, and underscore the need to ensure that these developments continue to take place in a manner that not only promotes economic feasibility and social equity, but maintains or enhances environmental sustainability and cross-generational equity. In developing and applying these guidelines, REMA continuously emphasise the cost-effectiveness and financial profitability promoted by application of EIA in investment operations. REMA is optimistic that these guidelines will help deepen understanding of EIA and facilitate greater stakeholder cooperation.

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Remarks

Geen datum uitgave vermeld

Library | 01 Dec 2008

Sector Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Hydro-Power Development Projects in Rwanda

Sector - specific EIA Guidelines for Hydroelectricity Development

Keywords Electricity; Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA); Health; Hydropower; Hydropower
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
Documentrwanda-eia-guidelines-hydropower-construction
Publisher Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Author Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Place of publicationKigali, Rwanda
Pages71
Summary

__________________________________________________________________________________ iii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Guidelines Description

In general, hydro-electric power projects will range from pico, micro and small dams generating a few megawatts serving a few households or users, to large scale dams/ installations that produce thousands of megawatts of electric energy. They also may be community projects or be large nation-wide regional transboundary projects.

No single hydro-electricity project investment is expected to invoke all the safeguard policies that are potentially relevant to the sector however, due to uncertainty of the demand–driven approach, all safeguards with potential application are treated within this framework.

The Safeguards which could reasonably be expected to be invoked by some of these power transmission and grid-extension related HEP investments are:

1) Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) requirements according to donor agency guidelines and GoR regulations (REMA);

2) Key issues such as health impacts;

3) Impacts on landscape and pollution;

4) Natural Habitats, including conservation areas, flora and fauna;

5) Forestry, including natural forest and plantations that may be lost as well as critical habitat areas;

6) Cultural Property relating to safeguarding cultural heritage;

7) Involuntary Resettlement including Compensation caused by projects;

8) Disclosure

IdentificationPOS 807
Library | 01 Jun 2012

Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Mining Projects in Rwanda

Draft Report

Keywords Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA); Mining
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
Documentrwanda-eia-guidelines-mining-2012-draft
Publisher Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Author Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Place of publicationRwanda
Pages57
Summary

This document is intended to serve as a guideline, which provides recommended approaches and formats for the preparation of a comprehensive EIA report for Mining projects. These Guidelines for conducting EIA for mining projects will cover all project phases from research, exploration, exploitation (actual mining), processing, decommissioning and restoration activities. They recognise and aim to contribute to the GoR efforts to streamline mining activities and ensure that they comply with environmental standards and regulations, and are in line with the green economy vision. The process of developing these guidelines has been participatory, with stakeholders’ views and concerns considered as far as possible. We are optimistic that these guidelines will bring tremendous improvement in the conduct of EIA in all mining activities – from research to post-mining restoration, ensure safety and welfare of mine workers and contribute positively to the local economy and ecosystems.

IdentificationPOS 807
Library | 01 Jun 2012

Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Oil and Petrol Projects in Rwanda

Draft Report

Keywords Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA); Oil & Gas
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
Documentrwanda-eia-guidelines-petrolstations-2012-draft
Author Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Place of publicationRwanda
Pages66
Summary

These Guidelines for conducting EIA for oil and petrol station projects will cover all project phases from planning, construction, operation and post-operation activities of Oil and Petrol station projects. They recognise and aim to contribute to the efforts of the GoR to streamline and ensure that downstream petroleum operations are effectively managed to avoid adverse impacts on the environment and in line with the green economy vision. In developing and applying these guidelines, REMA has taken a participatory approach in which stakeholders’ concerns have been solicited and incorporated as far as possible. REMA is also optimistic that these guidelines will further clarify the purpose of EIA and facilitate quality improvement in the conduct of EIA in all development activities particularly in the design and operation of oil and petrol station activities and other downstream petroleum operations. The guidelines have been formulated at a time when the GoR has enacted a specific policy and law to regulate downstream petroleum operations.

IdentificationPOS 807
Library | 01 Aug 2009

Sector Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Roads Development Projects in Rwanda

Sector Specific EIA Guidelines for Road Construction Projects

Keywords Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA); Infrastructure
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
Documentrwanda-eia-guidelines-road-construction
Publisher Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Author Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Place of publicationRwanda
Pages54
Summary

Roads are one of the most economically important infrastructures in Rwanda, given the fact that more than 95% of the country’s international trade is handled by land and there are hardly any land alternatives (such as railway). Internal communication is also almost exclusively by road. Yet the terrain and the economy of Rwanda are such that developing roads is a very costly venture both financially and environmentally. The effects include pollution from vehicles, chemical spills from trucks, displacement of wildlife and vegetation due to construction of new roads and disturbance of hydrological cycles. 

Road construction and upgrading have tremendous environmental impact if not carefully done. It involves heavy earth excavation, burning of fossil fuels, noise and destruction of vegetation and trampling of the earth. Air pollution is increasing and very much linked to health problems including cancer, bronchitis among others.

IdentificationPOS 807
Library | 01 Mar 2009

Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment for Waste Management in Rwanda

Final Report

Keywords Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA); Environmental management; Waste management; Waste management
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
Documentrwanda-eia-guidelines-waste-management-june2010
Publisher Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Author ECOTECH Consulting Environmental Management Firm Ltd
Place of publicationRwanda
Pages69
Summary

Waste management is a big challenge in Rwanda especially within the urban areas. For example in Kigali City only about 24% of the solid waste generated is disposed legally at Nyanza landfill. Wastewater and sewage also cause management problems if the management infrastructure is not adequate. Industrial effluent and diffuse release from agricultural activities are other forms of pollution to the environment.

In the growing complexity of problems, precautionary measures such as environmental impact assessment (EIA) of projects to ensure adequate waste management can workout to be more effective. To effectively manage environmental challenges, GoR established Rwanda Environmental Management Authority (REMA), under Organic Law No.04/2005 of 08/04/2005 article 64, to coordinate and oversee all aspects of environmental management for sustainable development. One of REMA’s principal functions is to oversee the conduct of EIA in Rwanda.

IdentificationPOS 807
Library | 01 Mar 2009

Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment for Water Resources Management in Rwanda

Final Report

Keywords Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA); Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM); Water management
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
Documentrwanda-eia-guidelines-water-resources-management-june2010
Publisher Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Author ECOTECH Consulting Environmental Management Firm Ltd
Place of publicationRwanda
Pages64
Summary

These guidelines serve as an administrative directive to guide EIA for water resources management. The guidelines should be used together with the General EIA Guidelines 2006 and any other relevant EIA instruments developed by REMA

IdentificationPOS 807
Library | 01 Mar 2009

Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment for Wetland Management in Rwanda

Final Report

Keywords Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA); Water management; Wetlands
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
Documentrwanda-eia-guidelines-wetland-management-june-2010
Publisher Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Author ECOTECH Consulting Environmental Management Firm Ltd
Place of publicationRwanda
Pages57
Summary

These guidelines serve as an administrative directive to guide EIA for wetland management. The guidelines should be used together with the General EIA Guidelines 2006 and any other relevant EIA instruments developed by REMA

IdentificationPOS 807
Library | 01 Jan 2006

General Guidelnies and Procedure for Environmental Impact Assessment

Government of Rwanda

Keywords Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA)
RegionRwanda
Document typeGuideline
DocumentRWEIAGuidelinesNov06
Publisher Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Author Rwanda Environment Managament Authorirt (REMA)
Place of publicationRwanda
Pages52
Summary

IdentificationPOS 807