This Country Environmental Profile for Kenya has as main objective to identify and assess environmental issues to be considered during the preparation of the coming Country Strategy Paper. It provides information on key environmental challenges, as well as policies, strategies and programmes designed to address them. According to the Terms of Reference for the preparation of the Country Environmental Profile, this information would ensure that the strategies applied by the EC Cooperation systematically integrates environmental considerations into the selection of priority focal areas and mainstream environmental considerations into all programmes.
Legal instruments from nine countries, representative of developed, developing, and middle income countries from various regions (and based on availability of information) were examined. These countries are Belize, Canada, China, the Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Palestine, and South Africa.
Despite the paper’s limitations as a desk review of select legal frameworks that govern SEA nationally, a number of conclusions emerge from the analysis.
This Environmental Guidelines for the tourism industry are the culmination of several consultative activities undertaken by the consultants with assistance of the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife (MoTW), Tourism Trust Fund (TTF), and Working Committee, set up by the MoTW to facilitate preparation of the guidelines. The guidelines have also benefited greatly from consultations with stakeholders on the key environmental issues that should be taken into account in preparation of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for tourism projects. These consultative workshops were held in all tourist regions namely: Coast, Nairobi, Southern Rift Valley, Central Rift Valley, North Rift Valley, Eastern, Central, Western and Nyanza. International case studies on best practices were also undertaken in Tanzania and South Africa.
These guidelines are part of a series of environmental-management guidelines that fall under the Environmental Management and Coordination Act (EMCA), 1999 and the Environmental (Impact Assessment and Audit) Regulations, 2003. The guidelines target a broad readership, including government agencies (responsible for decision making, formulating policies, and reviewing and commenting on environmental reports), environmental experts (involved in SEA practice), academics (interested in and active in the environmental assessment field from a research, teaching, and/or training perspective), civil society, and other interested stakeholders. This guideline will give direction on how SEA practice in Kenya will be conducted using best practice approaches as adopted both during the drafting and subsequent reviews. The guidelines focus on common approaches for SEA at national and sectoral levels.
The major purpose of these EIA Guidelines and Administrative procedures have been developed to assist in the integration of environmental concerns in economic development to foster sustainable development in Kenya. EIA identifies potential environmental impacts of proposed development activities as well as policies, plans and programmes of the Government, including those undertaken jointly with bi-lateral and multi-lateral institutions. In addition EIA identifies measures to mitigate the negative impacts, while maximizing on the positive ones. EIA is essentially a tool that facilitates informed decisions-making on sustainable development in Kenya.
One of the climate change effects in Kenya’s Tana Delta is increased flooding. The SEA for a land use plan on the area led to a distinction between low, floodprone areas and high, safer areas. Measures were taken according to this distinction, to increase the population’s safety and secure their livelihoods.